Congo DR: US group says 98 girls were sexually abused in the country
A US-based advocacy group said Wednesday that 98 girls in Central African Republic reported they were sexually abused by international peacekeepers, and three girls told UN staff they were tied up, undressed, and forced to have sex with a dog by a French military commander in 2014.
AIDS-Free World's Code Blue Campaign to end sexual abuse and exploitation said the three girls told a UN human rights officer that a fourth girl tied up with them later died of an unknown disease.
The group said the information it received, including the alleged rape of a 16-year-old girl in another part of the country on Monday is in the hands of senior UN officials.
The United Nations has been in the spotlight for months over allegations of child rape and other sexual abuses by its peacekeepers, especially those based in Central African Republic and Congo. There have been similar allegations against the French force known as Sangaris, which operates independently in Central African Republic, known as CAR.
UN spokesperson Stephane Dujarric said last week that a UN team was sent to gather information about recently reported allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation by UN and non-UN forces as well as civilians in Kemo prefecture, east of the capital Bangui, in 2014 and 2015.
Dujarric said in a note to correspondents Wednesday evening that the new allegations went back to 2013 and also included allegations against local armed groups. He said a UN team is on the ground and the exact number and nature of "these extremely troubling allegations" is still being determined.
Muslim Selseka rebel
The team has identified the alleged involvement of UN contingents from Burundi and Gabon, which will remain confined to camps during the investigation, Dujarric said. Allegations against French forces in the same area are also being investigated, he said.
The UN recently reported that 25 allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation were registered with the UN mission in Central African Republic in January and February, most from previous years. This compares with a total of six allegations in the 15 other UN peacekeeping missions, in the first two months of this year, the UN peacekeeping department said.
A UN report earlier this month said there were 69 allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation by peacekeepers in 2015 — 22 of them in CAR.
Central African Republic was rocked by violence after mostly Muslim Selseka rebels toppled the president in 2013. Widespread human rights abuses committed by Seleka led to the formation of the anti-Balaka Christian militia which unleashed sectarian fighting that forced hundreds of thousands of Muslim civilians to flee to the north or to neighbouring countries.
CAR has experienced relative peace since the landmark visit of Pope Francis last November largely because the Muslims have fled and a new president was inaugurated Wednesday. But sexual abuse by troops sent to protect civilians remains a serious problem.
AIDS-Free World called the information it received "shocking." Two weeks ago, it said, the U.N. children's agency UNICEF interviewed 98 girls who reported being sexually abused.
The group said that last Saturday a delegation from the UN peacekeeping mission known as MINUSCA met local leaders and victims who alleged that troops from France and Gabon had sexually abused girls. Some victims left the area because they were stigmatized by the community, it said.
During the delegation's visit, AIDS-Free World said the three girls reported being tied up inside a camp by the French military commander. After having sex with the dog, the group said, each girl was given 5 000 Central African Francs, about $9.
The three girls who were interviewed sought medical treatment, AIDS-Free World said. One told the UN human rights officer that the fourth girl who later died "was called 'the Sangaris' dog' by people in the community."
A woman's association informed the MINUSCA delegation that many cases of sexual abuse and rape have been committed by international forces in CAR, the group said. It said all the alleged perpetrators have reportedly left CAR, returning home in 2015.
On Monday, Dujarric said MINUSCA is investigating the alleged rape of a 14-year-old girl by peacekeepers from Burundi in early March and the sexual exploitation of a woman by a member of the Moroccan military contingent in February.
AIDS-Free World said the mother of a 16-year-old girl informed local police in another part of CAR that a Congolese UN peacekeeper raped her daughter in a hotel room Monday afternoon.
The group said that when the soldier was questioned by police in the presence of his commander he confirmed that he "had sexual intercourse" with the victim several times, and paid her between 2 000 and 5 000 Central African Francs.